Candle gel, paraffin and soy wax: Candlemaking made easy for everyone
search:  
convert:  C  < >   F
 
Welcome! You already have an account? log in, or sign up
  printer-friendly version   send to a friend Article viewed 26459 times

3 surface techniques for your candles

As this article is about to show you, you don't need much to radically transform the appearance of a candle.
There are many surface techniques (techniques that have an influence on how the surface of your candles looks like) and you're about to learn 3 of them.
I picked these three techniques because they give candles such a different look with little effort.


1 - Shiny finish

Most of the time, a molded candle will automatically show a shiny finish, mostly because of the relatively high recommended pouring temperature (180F to 190F).
The rule of thumb is: the hotter the wax and the faster it cools off, the shinier the finished candle will be.

So if you want to achieve a shiny finish, pour the paraffin in the mold at a temperature close to 190F and, if possible, speed up the cooling process by placing the mold in a water bath.

When it comes out of the mold, your candle will have a shiny aspect, just like the candle in picture 1.

You can accentuate this effect even more by wiping it gently with an old nylon stocking.

Note
Because of the relatively high pouring temperature, the wax may shrink a lot. Don't forget to poke relief holes along the wick while the wax cools off.



2 - Rustic finish

This technique, which gives your candle a superb rustic look, is theexact opposite of the previous technique.
As a matter of fact, to achieve this effect you will need to pour wax in the mold at the lowest possible temperature (depending on the paraffin blend used, around 140/150F). You can also just wait until a film starts to form at the surface of the wax in the pouring jug: it's a sign that the wax is about to return to a solid state. This is the perfect time to slowly pour it into the mold.

Because the mold has not been preheated and the paraffin is at such a low temperature, by pouring very slowly the wax will immediatly set when it touches the sides of the mold. This creates a multitude of horizontal pale lines, also called jump lines (see picture 2).
Furthermore, when you will unmold the candle, parts of the candle surface may remain stuck against the sides of the mold, thereby accentuating the candle's already distressed and dry look.
Experience will show you that you will get better results with some colors than with others. Dark colors seem to work better for this technique...

Caution
The disadvantage of a cold pour is the high potential for air pockets inside your candle. To avoid this, you can use the "shell" method.
Do exactly as above but as soon as a thick (at least 7mm) wax shell has formed along the sides of the mold, break the surface film if necessary and pour the wax back into the melting pot. Then, bring the wax in the melting pot to a temperature between 170F and 180F and pour it back into the mold. The wax shell should be thick enough to resist this new pour.


3 - Snowflake aspect (mottling)

This third technique gives a candle a very soft, almost cottony look which is called mottling in the candlemaking world. It creates a very nice snowflake effect just under the surface of the candle, unlike the previous technique that actually acts on the surface itself.

To achieve this very nice effect, you need to know three secrets:
  • wipe the inide of the mold with mineral oil,
  • add 4 teaspoons of the same oil to each pound (453 grams) of paraffin,
  • try and slow down the cooling process as much as possible.
  • If you're using a metallic mold, don't forget to preheat it (in the oven or with your faithful heat gun).
    Pour the wax in the mold; as soon as it's hard enough to flip the mold upside down without spilling, wrap the mold in one or two old bath towels to keep it warm and give the candle all the time it needs to completely cool off (the longer the better).
    Unmold the candle: you will notice a great snowflake effect on its whole surface, as showed on picture 3.

    Caution
    Never use Vybar™ when you want mottling to occur: Vybar™ will bind the mineral oil with the wax and that's exactly what we don't want to see happening.
    If you really need to use Vybar™ (for instance if you're making a triple scented mottled candle), use the new Vybar™ 343, specially formulated for mottled candles.


    These 3 simple surface techniques will give your candles a completely different look
    These 3 simple surface techniques will give your candles a completely different look

    Related articles:
    A high pouring temperature give the created candle a shiny finish
    1A high pouring temperature give the created candle a shiny finish

    On the contrary, a very low pouring temperature will help you achieve a nice rustic look
    2On the contrary, a very low pouring temperature will help you achieve a nice rustic look

    You can get a snowflake effect by adding mineral oil to the wax and slowing down the cooling process
    3You can get a snowflake effect by adding mineral oil to the wax and slowing down the cooling process

    The contents of this website are protected by copyright laws. Copyright 2001-2017 by Howtomakecandles.info. All rights reserved, see the page Legal information for details.

    To contact us about this website, click here.

    For any candlemaking-related question, please use our Discussion board.
    Subscribe to our newsletter!
    Total visits:
    Today:
    Yesterday:

     Add HowtoMakecandles.info to your Favorites
    Legal information
    Privacy