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Candle wicks - Flat braid

Flat braid wicks are used mainly with pillar and taper candles (taper candles are long, thin candles obtained by dipping a wick several times in meltd paraffin to build up layers of wax).
Flat braid wicks are made of 3 braided bundles of threads, each bundle being made of a certain number - small or large - of threads (also called ply). It is braided in such a manner that all three bundles lie flat and is referred to by the number of plaits it contains.
The wick is referred to by the total number of ply it is made of. Thus, the larger the number, the thicker the wick will be.

Because the number of braided bundles is always 3, the number of threads will always be a multiple of 3.
An US manufacturer of candle wicks, Candlewic, has the following wick sizes in the flat braid range: 12 ply (the thinnest), 15, 18, 21, 24, 27, 30, 36, 45 and 60 ply (the thickest, used in pillar candles with a diameter between 12 and 15 cm [4.72 and 5.90 in]).

One of the advantages of a flat braid is that it will curl slightly while it burns, thus preventing the formation of carbon on the wick (an annoying phenomenon called mushrooming) and makes it almost self-trimming (because the wick curls, its extremity ends up in the hottest part of the flame where it will eventually carbonize. Because of this, the wick must be trimmed less often than it used to before flat braid wick was invented.


Usage of flat braid wicks in pillar and taper candles

Size Use for Burn
rate

12 ply thin taper candles between 7.5 and 20mm 4.3
15 ply thin taper candles between 12 and 25mm 5.1
18 ply pillar candles between 25 and 50mm
taper candles between 12 and 20mm
5.1
21 ply pillar candles between 57 and 74mm
taper candles between 20 and 24mm
5.2
24 ply pillar candles between 62 and 75mm
taper candles between 20 and 24mm
5.7
27 ply pillar candles between 62 and 75mm
taper candles between 20 and 24mm
6.2
30 ply pillar candles between 83 and 100mm 6.3
36 ply pillar candles between 100 and 115mm 7
45 ply pillar candles between 115 and 125mm 7.8
60 ply pillar candles between 125 and 150mm 7.4

Source: www.candlewic.com


It is possible that your wick salespoint doesn't use the number of ply to identify flat braid wicks but rather indicates the size and type of candles they are most appropriate for.
Flat braid wick is braided the same way that long hair is turned into a plaid

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